Author Topic: Puasa Pelbagai Agama  (Read 3454 times)

0 Members and 1 Guest are viewing this topic.

Offline nora

  • Peredhil
  • ***
  • Posts: 346
    • View Profile
Puasa Pelbagai Agama
« on: September 20, 2007, 04:56:24 PM »
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasting for the full article.)
Bah?'? faith
..."fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset during the Bah?'? month of `Ala' (between March 2 through March 20). Bah?'u'll?h established the guidelines in the Kit?b-i-Aqdas. It is the complete abstaining from both food and drink (including abstaining from smoking). Observing the fast is an individual obligation, and is binding on all Bah?'?s who have reached the age of maturity, which is fifteen years of age."

Buddhism
"Buddhist monks and nuns following the Vinaya rules commonly do not eat each day after the noon meal, though many orders today do not enforce this. This is not considered a fast, but rather a disciplined regime aiding in meditation. Fasting is generally considered by Buddhists as a form of asceticism and as such is rejected as a deviation from the Middle way."   food

Christianity
"The "acceptable fast" is discussed in the biblical Book of Isaiah, chapter 58:3-7, and is discussed metaphorically. In essence, it means to abstain from satisfying hunger or thirst, and any other lustful needs we may yearn for."

Hinduism
Fasting is a very integral part of the Hindu religion..."the person fasting does not partake any food or water from the previous day's sunset until 48 minutes after the following day's sunrise. Fasting can also mean limiting oneself to one meal during the day and/or abstaining from eating certain food types and/or eating only certain food types. In any case, even if the fasting Hindu is non-vegetarian, he/she is not supposed to eat or even touch any animal products (i.e. meat, eggs)on a day of fasting."

Judaism
"Fasting for Jews means completely abstaining from food and drink, including water. Taking medication, or even brushing teeth is forbidden on the major fast days of Yom Kippur and Tisha B'Av (See below), but permitted on minor fast days. Observant Jews fast on six days of the year. With the exception of Yom Kippur, fasting is never permitted on Shabbat, for the commandment of keeping Shabbat is biblically ordained and overrides the later rabbinically-instituted fast days. Yom Kippur is the only fast day which is explicitly stated in the Torah."

Sikhism
"Sikhism is probably the only major organised world religion that does not promote fasting except for medical reasons. The Sikh Gurus discourage the devotee from engaging in this ritual as it is considered to "brings no spiritual benefit to the person". The Sikh holy Scripture, Sri Guru Granth Sahib tell us: "Fasting, daily rituals, and austere self-discipline - those who keep the practice of these, are rewarded with less than a shell."(SGGS page 216). So most Sikhs have never undertaken a fast of any kind."   food

Offline Guradan

  • Moderator
  • Peredhil
  • ********
  • Posts: 275
    • View Profile
Re: Puasa Pelbagai Agama
« Reply #1 on: September 21, 2007, 09:44:13 AM »
OOT: hendak menerangkan sedikit soal puasa 'ala' 'Buddhis'

1. Prosedur Puasa, Larangan dan yang dibolehkan
General rule: Makan pada pagi hari dan siang hari saja. Diperbolehkan minum.
 
Yang dilarang dalam puasa 'lewat tengah hari' ini adalah mengasup/makan makanan padat setelah lewat tengah hari. Jika start makan tepat pada tengah hari maka ada tenggang waktu selama durasi makan (more or less 1 jam). Selama hari itu diperbolehkan mengasup minuman/cairan. Cairan yang dilarang adalah susu. Madu, gula, dan cocoa diperbolehkan. Dari pengalaman pribadi, ada sesi minum teh di sore hari.

2. Latar belakang historikal kenapa puasanya demikian
Pada jaman Buddha tempo awal, para biksu yang disokong umat awam masih diperbolehkan makan 3 kali sehari. Tapi atas 2 macam pertimbangan (dijabarkan di bawah ini) maka Buddha mengeluarkan peraturan lewat tengah hari di atas, sebagai berikut:

a. Demi Umat Awam
Umat Awam akan terganggu sekali jika kedatangan Biksu pada malam hari, di kala mereka hendak melakukan berbagai urusan pribadi.

b. Demi Biksu Sendiri
Biksu sendiri yang akan mengambil sedekah makannya di malam hari, harus menempuh perjalanan dari viharanya (yang dahulu banyak di luar kota atau di hutan) dan masuk ke dalam kota, dan tentu banyak menemui berbagai bahaya: ular, perampok, kegelapan, dll.

3. Atribut Pelengkap Puasa (tidak berkaitan dengan makan dan minum)
Bagi kaum biksu, puasa ini hanyalah salah satu dari ratusan disiplin yang harus mereka jalankan dalam kehidupan latihan mereka.
Sedangkan bagi umat awam, disarankan menurut tradisi melakukan puasa ini pada hari-hari awal bulan dan purnama (kalender bulan), dimana mereka bertekad untuk melakukan 8 pantangan (atthasila) yang ketat dari 5 pantangan umum sehari-hari:
1. pantang membunuh/melukai mahluk
2. pantang mengambil barang yang tidak diberikan
3. pantang mengatakan sesuatu yang tidak benar
4. pantang melakukan hubungan seksual (dalam 5 pantangan umum yang pasal ini jadi: tidak melakukan hubungan seksual yang menyimpang)
5. pantang mengkonsumsi zat2 yang membuat kesadaran melemah
6. pantang memakai perhiasan, kalung, manik2, emas, dll. (biasanya juga kalau sedang latihan pakai baju serba putih)
7. pantang pergi menonton pertunjukan, tari2an, hiburan, dll. (nonton tivi juga dilarang kecuali berita, itupun tidak dianjurkan).
8. pantang menggunakan alas tidur/duduk yang tinggi atau tebal (ini diartikan bahwa dalam hari itu sebenarnya jangan dihabiskan dengan tidur enak saja, tapi dengan latihan, perenungan, dll.)
Pikiran adalah pendahulu, pikiran adalah pemimpin, segalanya diciptakan oleh pikiran. Apabila dengan pikiran yang bersih/suci seseorang berbicara atau berbuat dengan jasmani, maka kebahagiaan akan mengikuti si pelaku, seperti bayangan yang tidak pernah meninggalkan tubuh seseorang. (Dhp 1:2)

Offline Faried

  • Mith'quessir
  • *****
  • Posts: 1173
    • View Profile
Re: Puasa Pelbagai Agama
« Reply #2 on: June 03, 2010, 12:28:32 PM »
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fasting for the full article.)
Bah?'? faith
..."fasting is observed from sunrise to sunset during the Bah?'? month of `Ala' (between March 2 through March 20). Bah?'u'll?h established the guidelines in the Kit?b-i-Aqdas. It is the complete abstaining from both food and drink (including abstaining from smoking). Observing the fast is an individual obligation, and is binding on all Bah?'?s who have reached the age of maturity, which is fifteen years of age."

Buddhism
"Buddhist monks and nuns following the Vinaya rules commonly do not eat each day after the noon meal, though many orders today do not enforce this. This is not considered a fast, but rather a disciplined regime aiding in meditation. Fasting is generally considered by Buddhists as a form of asceticism and as such is rejected as a deviation from the Middle way."   food

Christianity
"The "acceptable fast" is discussed in the biblical Book of Isaiah, chapter 58:3-7, and is discussed metaphorically. In essence, it means to abstain from satisfying hunger or thirst, and any other lustful needs we may yearn for."

Hinduism
Fasting is a very integral part of the Hindu religion..."the person fasting does not partake any food or water from the previous day's sunset until 48 minutes after the following day's sunrise. Fasting can also mean limiting oneself to one meal during the day and/or abstaining from eating certain food types and/or eating only certain food types. In any case, even if the fasting Hindu is non-vegetarian, he/she is not supposed to eat or even touch any animal products (i.e. meat, eggs)on a day of fasting."

Judaism
"Fasting for Jews means completely abstaining from food and drink, including water. Taking medication, or even brushing teeth is forbidden on the major fast days of Yom Kippur and Tisha B'Av (See below), but permitted on minor fast days. Observant Jews fast on six days of the year. With the exception of Yom Kippur, fasting is never permitted on Shabbat, for the commandment of keeping Shabbat is biblically ordained and overrides the later rabbinically-instituted fast days. Yom Kippur is the only fast day which is explicitly stated in the Torah."

Sikhism
"Sikhism is probably the only major organised world religion that does not promote fasting except for medical reasons. The Sikh Gurus discourage the devotee from engaging in this ritual as it is considered to "brings no spiritual benefit to the person". The Sikh holy Scripture, Sri Guru Granth Sahib tell us: "Fasting, daily rituals, and austere self-discipline - those who keep the practice of these, are rewarded with less than a shell."(SGGS page 216). So most Sikhs have never undertaken a fast of any kind."   food

Sangat menarik.

Mungkin karena hampir semua agama memahami puasa sebagai berpantang, maka meskipun teks dan terjemahan Alquran sangat jelas menyatakan bahwa puasa adalah makan dan minum, tetap saja pada akhirnya dipahami bahwa puasa adalah kebalikan daripada apa yang tertulis dan terbaca dalam Alquran, yaitu bahwa  puasa adalah tidak makan dan tidak minum.